E. coli is a type of bacteria found in the intestines of humans and animals. There are different kinds of E. coli; most are harmless, but some can be harmful. The types of E. coli that can cause illness are most often spread through contaminated food or water.
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a harmful type of E. coli that is most often involved in outbreaks. It can cause stomach cramps, fever, diarrhea and vomiting. STEC infection can be mild and resolve itself after 5-7 days. It can also be severe for some people, and can lead to kidney failure.
Depression can be difficult to identify in kidney patients because many of the key symptoms, such as insomnia, loss of weight or appetite, and low energy, can also be attributed to kidney disease itself. Despite this, however, people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD, or kidney failure) face higher rates of depression as a group. Unlike kidney disease, the rate of depression across gender and racial lines among kidney patients is fairly equal, meaning it can affect anyone. Depression can lead to poorer health outcomes, increased hospitalizations, lower quality of life and more.